Environmental disasters are catastrophic man-made events that impact humans, communities and the environment (e.g. an oil spill or a radiation leak from a nuclear reactor). Naturally caused events (e.g. an “Act of God”) are called “natural disasters”. However, the distinction can blur; the destructive effects of a bush fire are not differentiated whether they are caused by arson, spontaneous combustion or by a lightning strike. In many cases, humans may not be the immediate direct cause, but are indirectly and partially responsible. For example, government policies might have led to an outcome where the environmental disaster is exacerbated, such as deforestation leading to mudslides or fertiliser run-off leading to algal blooms in stored water or in building housing subdivisions in seismically-active or bush fire-prone areas or on known flood plains. Climate change further blurs the distinction between natural and man-made environmental disasters in relation to extreme meteorological events such as tornadoes, cyclones, coastal flooding from storm surges, and intense bush fires after protracted droughts and severe heatwaves.
Environmental disasters can be sudden, short-term events such as avalanches and earthquakes, or of medium-term duration such as flooding, or long-term such as droughts that can last many years. The severity can ease naturally, such as a heatwave coming to an end or it can steadily and irreversibly accumulate, such as salinity in the Murray-Darling.
The impact of catastrophic environmental events on society can be immense, running into many billions worth of property damage, destroying lives and businesses, and disrupting both communities and the economy. The aftermath can last decades and have far reaching effects such as requiring long-term government assistance, insurance industry bailouts and initiating refugee migrations.
Australia, fortunately, is not as prone to volcanism, avalanches, tornadoes, icy blizzards or tsunamis as other countries, but is susceptible to severe bush fire, tropical cyclones and flooding. In addition, the impact of climate change is predicted to impact the Australian continent to a higher degree throughout the 21st century, causing more extreme and more frequent weather events.
At the bottom of this profile are brief details of a number of the experts that Expert Experts represents. Call our office to discuss your requirements and to obtain an expert submission that suits your needs and budget.
Expertise in Action
Experts in environmental disasters can help prevent, mitigate or manage the response to catastrophic events. They will have worked in or with organisations responsible for attending to disaster areas such as the State Emergency Service, Australian Defence Force, Police, and Ambulance paramedics.
Experts can provide opinion on to degree to which a disaster was caused directly by humans.
Experts can also specialise in the economic impacts of disasters, particularly in the insurance industry and assessing the scale of government relief.
For some fields of expertise we have some sample sections of de-identified reports. Please contact our office if you are interested in a sample.
The overall cost of expert opinion depends on the services required. Some of the key factors that affect the cost of advice include:
- The need for a view or inspection of a location
- The quantity of documentary material to be reviewed
- Whether there are reports of other experts to be reviewed and commented on in detail
- Whether there is a need for conferences with the expert either in person or by telephone/Skype