Introduction

Experts in the field of microbiology may provide insight into the physiological composition of microbes in different environmental spheres.

Environmental microbiology is the study of the composition and physiology of microbes in the soil, water, air, flora, and fauna. Molecular biology has revolutionised the study of microorganisms in the environment and improved our understanding of the composition, phylogeny, and physiology of microbial communities. Environmental microbiologists possess a range of new DNA-based technologies for the identification and study of RNA and proteins extracted from environmental samples.

Microbes exist in every environment on Earth, from dry deserts to salt lakes and even permanent ice. An average gram of soil contains approximately one billion microbes representing several thousand species, most of which have not been studied. Furthermore, microbes interact with the entire biosphere, such as cyanobacteria that can photosynthesise and produce oxygen. Much of western Australia is red largely due to the iron oxide in the soil, and this oxide is a by-product of cyanobacteria billions of years ago.

Many industrial processes now use bacteria as a way to manage waste. Microbes can be cost-effective agents for the remediation of domestic, agricultural and industrial wastes and subsurface pollution in soils, sediments and marine environments. The ability of each microorganism to degrade toxic waste depends on the nature of each contaminant. Since most sites are typically comprised of multiple pollutant types, the most effective approach to microbial biodegradation is to use a mixture of bacterial species and strains,
each specific to the degradation of one or more types of contaminants. For example, to break down spilt petrol and oil, hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria is commonly used. Likewise, the processing of sewerage and other waste using microbes is an environmentally-friendly alternative to traditional chemical means.

The application of molecular biology and genomics to environmental microbiology has led to the discovery of considerable complexity in naturally occurring communities of microbes. Diversity surveying, community fingerprinting, and functional interrogation of natural populations have become common, enabled by a range of molecular and bioinformatic techniques. These same techniques enable environmental microbiologists to study how microbes can be further employed in industrial, agricultural, waste management, and energy production processes.

Experts in this field would be able to provide essential evidence which may prove integral into a case. This may be useful in elucidating how certain symptoms, transmissions, and environments may contribute toward disease or other results.

At the bottom of this profile are brief details of a number of the experts that Expert Experts represents. Call our office to discuss your requirements and to obtain an expert submission that suits your needs and budget.

Expertise in Action

Expert witnesses in the field of environmental microbiology are trained in the study of the complex mechanisms between human and microbe interactions that are involved in the pathogenesis of diseases, and can provide insights into diagnosis and interventions essential for disease control. Experts can offer opinions on the severity of symptoms and transmission mechanisms, for example in workers compensation cases where employees can contract an illness out in the field.

Sample Reports

For some fields of expertise we have some sample sections of de-identified reports. Please contact our office if you are interested in a sample.

Cost

The overall cost of expert opinion depends on the services required. Some of the key factors that affect the cost of advice include:

  • The need for a view or inspection of a location
  • The quantity of documentary material to be reviewed
  • Whether there are reports of other experts to be reviewed and commented on in detail
  • Whether there is a need for conferences with the expert either in person or by telephone/Skype
Relevant Articles Mapping Australia's soil biodiversity

Biomes of Australian Soil Environments (BASE) is a map of Australia's soil microbial diversity, covering the entire continent. It has put Australia at the forefront of both understanding soil microbial biology and using genomics for environmental science.

Melioidosis in northern Australia

Melioidosis, caused by the Gram negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in northern Australia. Using data collated from centres in Western Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland, this report describes the epidemiology of this disease.

Relevant Cases ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION AUTHORITY v. CHARLES ANTHONY LESIE GARDNER No. 50072 of 1996 [1997] NSWLEC 169

A caravan park owner was found to have illegally piped effluent into the local Karuah River causing viruses to build up. Sediments near the outlet of the pipe were found to have been pounded with viruses for a period of some years.

Related Blog Articles

A sample of our experts in Science - Environmental microbiology

Below are short profiles of a sample of some of the experts with expertise in this field. Not all of the experts we work with appear on our website and finding new experts for unusual or hard to find fields is our specialty.

Please contact our office to discuss your specific requirements and to obtain an expert submission that suits your needs and budget. Expert Experts are experts in finding the right expert for your needs.

  • #ID1405

Microbiologist

ID1405 is an extremely well qualified microbiologist with expertise in research, education, management and the provision of expert reports.


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